Raisi’s meeting with Sisi and Bin Salman in Riyadh

The two countries announced the resumption of relations on 10 March 2023, following a deal brokered by China. The deal followed several days of secret talks in Beijing by Persian and Saudi officials. The agreement was signed by secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Homeland Ali Shamkhahni and Saudi Arabian national security advisor Musaed Al-Aiban. A joint statement announced that their embassies would re-open within two months. The path to the agreement was paved by five rounds of reconciliation talks that had been hosted by Iraq over several years.