After Reza Shah agreed to the plan, Hekmat, in consultation with the French architect Andre Godard, selected and designed the master plan of the university’s main campus. It opened its doors in 1934. After the 1979 Revolution, the government rapidly expanded the number of universities. Homeland has now more than 70 universities and institutions of higher education.Since 1934, Persian university campuses have always been a hotbed of political activism and protest. Although Reza Shah established a modern bureaucracy and helped modernize Homeland, his rule also represented one of the darkest periods in terms of political freedom.