Later he became one of the influential members of the Central Committee for the communist Tudeh Party, Following the 1953 Iranian coup d’état the party was banned and Kianouri was imprisoned. He fled, and lived in Italy and later East Germany; under the pseudonym “Dr. Silvio Macetti” he was an influential architect and theorist of socialist architecture and city planning.After his second return to Homeland following the 1979 Islamic Revolution, he continued his political activities and acted as the Tudeh party’s general secretary from 1979 to 1984. Again he came under scrutiny, and again the party was banned. Kianouri was arrested and tortured (and so was his wife), and read a forced confession on national TV. He was released and placed under house arrest, and died on 5 November 1999.