After the Break-up of Yugoslavia, the Islamic Republic of Iran focused its main political, economic, and military orientation on the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main reason that Iran found space in this country was because of the Islamist orientation of the “Mladi Muslimani” group (Young Muslims), especially with the last representatives of this group, such as Alija Izetbegovic. Unlike the leaders of other Balkan states, the Bosnian leader of the 90s, Alija Izetbegovic had established very close relations with the leaders of the Islamic regime of Iran, largely because of his Islamist beliefs and the frustration he experienced due to the lack of support from the Western states. . These close relations resulted in the large military presence of Iran in Bosnia during the Bosnian War1.